Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Merle E. Brooks


This study deals with the environmental condition of winter and the effect it has on pond life. Special emphasis is given to pond fish. Levi Carter Lagoon is located at 13th and Carter Lake Boulevard in Omaha, Nebraska. It is fed by a storm sewer and collects most of its water from street drainage so it is not a typical pond. It empties into Carter Lake via a culvert. Fifty years ago the pond was the northwest bank of Carter Lake and prior to 1877 held waters from the Missouri River. The pond is approximately 200 meters long and 40 meters wide. There are many trees in adjacent areas that provide nutrients to the pond by shedded leaves. The bottom is covered with one to three feet of loosely packed organic material consisting primarily of decaying vegetation.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Biology and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska at Omaha In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts. Copyright 1973 Robert C. Zeigler.