Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
In 1941, for the second time in the twentieth century, much of the world was at war. Once again, it was a struggle of life and death, a fight for survival of democracy directed against a dictatorial agressor, Germany. In World War I, it had been the aim of the United States as expressed by President T. Woodrow Wilson "to make the world safe for democracy." This failed. During World War II, the United Nations fought for a similar goal, attempting to assure a better outcome by means of conferences in which they set forth their aims. The disastrous results of the Paris Peace Settlement had taught a lesson. It was though that definite plans for postwar actions had to be agreed upon prior to the end of the fighting, if chaoss was to be avoided and reasonably stable future assured. Thus, to achieve the highly idealistic goal of a democratic world, it was determined to deal with postwar planning in a realistic manner at a series of Allied conferences.
Bergfeld, Carola Erika, "The evolution and change of allied war-time policy and diplomacy as revealed through a study of postwar four power arrangements for dealing with the city of Berlin" (1967). Student Work. 379.
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