Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Dr. Oliver B. Pollack


In the interests of greater comprehension a statement must be made concerning the transliteration method utilized in this thesis. Persian words which I felt should be retained are defined in parentheses at their initial appearance. For these words and proper names in both Persian and Russian I have chosen the most common English spelling. Preparation of this thesis has taken me many miles and enabled me to share experiences with both Afghan and British friends which helped me to become, hopefully more knowledgeable, and certainly more understanding. Although I have thanked these people along the way, am happy to have this opportunity to express my appreciation in a more permanent manner. I would like to offer a sense of obligation and gratitude to my advisor, Oliver B. Poliak, for his guidance, many suggestions, moral support and good humor. Sincere appreciation goes also to the members of my thesis committee for agreeing to work with me on a topic which does not fall under their immediate purview. I am endebted to Ms. Eloise Jackson and the Interlibrary Loan staff of the UNO library for their superb assistance in acquiring many old and unusual sources; to Thomas Gouttierre and David Champagne of the International Studies Department for helping me enjoy a positive experience in Afghanistan under sometimes trying conditions; to Ralph Pinder-Wilson, Director of the British Institute for Afghan Studies in Kabul; to Dr. Hasan Kakar , Chairperson of the Department of History at Kabul University and especially to Dr. Jon Summers, Director of the Afghan-American Educational Commission, for making my stay in Afghanistan rewarding. A special thanks to my typist Diane Egelston for her good spirits while wading through this labyrinth of repeatedly altered footnotes. I would like to acknowledge with great thankfulness the unflagging encouragement given by Ms. Phyllis Japp and Dr. Jack Shroder. Certainly not least, I wish to express pleasure and gratitude to my son Stephan for cheerfully accompanying me on a 20,000 mile trip and accepting a mother who is not always available "on demand."


A Thesis Presented to the Department of History and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright 1979 Kerry Conner Loney

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