Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)




The attitude of important British newspapers such as The Times, Morning Post, and Saturday Review toward the American Civil War has, of course, been the subject of many articles and books. These newspapers served as the mouth-pieces for the aristocratic classes and represented one section of public opinion favoring the South. A little-known group of newspaprs fought for the side of the North. These were the local dailies, which, to a greater or lesser degree, reflected the attitude of their readers--workingmen. Among such newspapers were the Manchester Examiner, Liverpool Daily, Post, Birmingham Daily Post, Newcastle Chronicle, Leeds Mercury, Bradford Advertiser, Preston Guardian, Carlisle Examiner, Dundee Advertiser, Edinburgh Caledonian Mercury, and the Belfast Northern Daily Whig. Whiile the attitude of these newspapers is known. the position of one provincial newspaper of that time--The Manchester Guardian--has been neglected by students of the the period. Was the viewpoint of The Manchester Guardian aristocratic, middle-class, or that of the workingman? It is the object of this thesis to discover The Manchester Guardian's position by examining its coverage of these important issues--neutrality, the Trent Affair, the cotton famine, the condition of the unemployed, the poor-law system, workingmen's meetings, John Bright, President Lincoln, slavery, the Emancipation Proclamation and the worth of democratic institutions.


A Thesis Presented to the Graduate Faculty of the Department of History University of Omaha In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts. Copyright 1962, Robert Allen Schellenberg.

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