Author ORCID Identifier

Michelle Friend

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



As computer science becomes more prevalent in the K-12 world, elementary schools are increasingly adopting computing curricula. Computer scientists have recognized the connection between math and computer science, but little work has demonstrated how and whether computer science can support improved learning in math. This paper reports on a project in which elementary students in a gifted program used Bricklayer, a functional programming environment that supports artistic and mathematical expression. A pre- and post-test design demonstrates significant learning gains in coordinate graphing and visual-spatial skills.


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This is a post-print version of paper presented at 49th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education (SIGCSE '18), February 2018. The Version of Record may be found here: