Fields studying movement generation, including robotics, psychology, cognitive science and neuroscience utilize concepts and tools related to the pervasiveness of variability in biological systems. The concepts of variability and complexity, and the nonlinear tools used to measure these concepts open new vistas for physical therapy practice and research in movement dysfunction of all types. Because mounting evidence supports the necessity of variability for health and functional movement, we argue in this perspective for changes in the way therapists view variability both in theory and in action. By providing clinical examples, as well as applying existing knowledge about complex systems, we hope to create a springboard for new directions in physical therapy research and practice.
Harbourne, Regina T. and Stergiou, Nicholas, "Movement Variability and the Use of Nonlinear Tools: Principles to Guide Physical Therapist Practice" (2009). Journal Articles. 158.