Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment
Author ORCID Identifier
Armstrong - https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6003-0031
"The Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment provides the much-needed practices, policies, and research and will be of interest to students, teachers, and the general reader alike. This work should be on the shelves of all libraries with collections in the social sciences." Larry E. Sullivan, Ph.D. Chief Librarian, John Jay College of Criminal Justice Crime. It started with Cain and Abel, and it won’t end with the Sopranos. Our fascination with transgression and its punishment is universal. And now, from Sage – the publisher of criminal justice abstracts and other standards in the field – comes the ultimate reference source on this all-consuming subject: comprehensive, authoritative, up-to-the second.
Thousand Oaks, CA
Levinson, David Ed.; Armstrong, Gaylene; and MacKenzie, Doris Layton, "Encyclopedia of Crime and Punishment" (2002). Criminology and Criminal Justice Faculty Books and Monographs. 20.
The below chapter was co-authored by University of Nebraska at Omaha's faculty, Dr. Gaylene Armstrong.
Armstrong, G.S., & MacKenzie, D.L. (2002). Shock Incarceration. In Encyclopedia of Crime & Punishment. Berkshire Reference Works/ Sage Publishers: Great Barrington, MA.