International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Thousands of public hydrogen fueling stations are needed to support the early Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) market in the U.S.; there are currently 12. The California state government has been the largest investor of the hydrogen fueling infrastructure funding 9 permanent stations currently open to the public with 48 more in development costing anywhere from $1.8M-$5.5M each. To attract private investors and decrease dependence on government funding, a low-cost, mobile hydrogen dispensing system must be developed. This paper describes a transportable hydrogen fueling station that has been designed for $423,000 using off-the-shelf components, less than 23% of the capital cost of current stations. It utilizes liquid hydrogen storage and a novel cryogenic compression system which can be factory built for high volume, rapid production. These stations would be contained in a standard 40’ ISO shipping container to move/expand with demand and dispense hydrogen at a price of $9.62/kg. This paper presents the mechanical design and operation of the fueling station. A complete report including an economic analysis and safety features is available at: http://hydrogencontest.org/pdf/2014/WSU_2014_HEF_CONTEST.pdf.
Richardson, Ian A.; Fisher, Jacob T.; Leachman, Jacob W.; Frome, Patrick E.; Smith, Ben O.; Guo, Shaotong; Chanda, Sayonsom; McFeely, Mikko S.; and Miller, Austin M., "Low-cost, Transportable Hydrogen Fueling Station for Early FCEV Adoption" (2015). Economics Faculty Publications. 15.