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The U.S. Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) has long held that strong communities are a salient factor in reducing delinquency (1995). They specifically note, “community planning teams that include a partnership of agency and lay participants can help create a consensus on priorities and services to be provided. They also build support for a comprehensive approach that draws on all sectors of the community for participation, such as the criminal justice and juvenile justice systems” (National Juvenile Justice Plan, 1996). Prior research has noted that successful collaborations seem to tap into the group’s potential using a specific formula. This creates a certain synergy within the group. In 2011, Kania and Kramer provided a framework that outlined “the five conditions for collective success,” which brought to life the notion of Collective Impact. While successful collaborations had surely tapped into these elements before, Kania and Kramer (2011) outlined them in a way that succinctly captured the critical elements of success and the movement caught fire. In Nebraska, community planning has been organized under the philosophy of collective impact since 2009.

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