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Our institutions are changing all the time but for the most part these changes do not make a big difference, either because the results are confined to an isolated segment of the organization or because the environment is not responsive. To be considered truly transformational, the initiative must alter the culture of the institutions by changing select underlying assumptions and institutional behaviors, processes, and products; it must be deep and pervasive, affecting the whole institution; it must be intentional; and it must occur consistently over time (Eckel, Hill, & Green, 1998).


Ramaley, J.A. (2002). Moving Mountains. Institutional Culture and Transformational Change. In R. M. Diamond (Ed.), A Field Guide to Academic Leadership (pp. 59-74) San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.