Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Interest in encouraging undergraduates to become involved in community service has grown rapidly over the past several years. In addition to the formation of groups such as the Campus Compact, this interest can be seen in the curricula of numerous colleges which have instituted community services requirements for graduation. Interest in critical thinking has increased as well, with widespread agreement among educators that critical thinking should be an important, if not central, goal of education. Although critical thinking has long been valued by educators at all (Siegel, 1980), the importance placed upon the development of critical thinking has recently been especially strong in colleges and universities and other institutions serving adult learners (Brookfield, 1987; Paul, 1985). Despite the centrality of critical thinking skills, a great many views exist as to how to best define (Ennis, 1986; Sternberg, 1985a) and develop (Sternberg, 1985b) critical thinking.


A paper contributed to Setting the Agenda for an Effective Research Strategy for Combining Service and Learning in the 1990s Wingspread Conference Center Racine, Wisconsin March, 1991.