Journal of Family Issues
We know little about children who have two living nonresident biological parents. Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, this study examines the diverse living arrangements of U.S. adolescents in this situation, the kinds of relationships they have with each of their nonresident parents, and the consequences of these arrangements for child well-being. Differences between these adolescents (N = 502) and those who have one nonresident biological parent (N = 4746) are also examined. Results point to certain groups of adolescents with two nonresident parents who are at particular risk of exhibiting higher levels of behavior problems (those living alone or with an aunt and uncle) or who, alternatively, are faring comparatively better (those living with biological relative caregivers or two nonbiological parent figures).
King, Valarie, Katherine C. Stamps, and Daniel N. Hawkins. 2010. “Adolescents with Two Nonresident Biological Parents: Living Situations, Parental Involvement, and Well-Being.” Journal of Family Issues 31: 3-30