Date of Award
C. Raymond Millimet
It has been suggested that self-esteem is a significant contributing variable in determining defensive behavior (Asch, 1948; Janis & Field, 1959; Lazarus & Longo, 1953; Rosenzweig, 1938; Sears, 1940). Several studies suggest that individuals of high and low self-ssteem (SE) manifest different patterns of response to the experience of success and failure (Altrochi, Parsons, & Dickoff, 1960; Stotland & Hillmer, 1962; Stotland, Thorley, Thomas, Cohen, & Zander, 1957). Further, Slock and Thomas (1955) and Altrochi, Parsons, and Dickoff (1960) have shown that persons with high SE tend to avoid threatening materials, while persons with low SE tend to approach and experience threatening materials. However, a coherent dynamic picture has yet to emerge from the total pattern of these relationships.
Gardner, Dennis F., "The manifest anxiety-defensiveness scale, induction of threat to self-esteem, and the resolution of dissonance" (1970). Student Work. 110.