Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
Norman H. Hamm
C. Raymond Millimet
Imitative behavior was studied using 36 kindergarten children who were either reinforced or not reinforced for imitative behavior prior to observing a male model exhibit aggressive behaviors. The children were tested for imitative aggressive behaviors in an 8-minute freeplay situation using a five category rating scale. The results revealed that the reinforced group emitted significantly more physical, verbal, and nonimitative aggression than the nonreinforced group. A second test examined the retention of the model's aggressive behavior under an incentive condition. The incentive condition diminished the initial differences found in the first test, revealing a nonsignificant difference between the reinforced and nonreinforced groups. Hence, the study provided support for both the "contiguity" and "generalized imitation" theories of social modeling.
Adams, Gerald R., "A test of the "contiguity" and "generalized imitation" theories of social modeling processes" (1971). Student Work. 120.