Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

Joseph C. LaVoie

Second Advisor

Richard Wikoff

Third Advisor

Norman H. Hamm


Imitative behavior of a parent-surrogate and a sibling model by second-born children from M1-M2, M1-F2, F1-M2, and F1-F2 dyads was assessed in an observational learning paradigm. Children, five- to seven-years of age from two-child families, observed an adult male or female parent-surrogate model, and an older brother or sister play three games – dart through, gold putt, and ring toss. After observing an assigned adult model and a sibling model, the children played each of the three games and his reproduction of verbal, postural, and motor responses of the models was scored. In general, second-born children imitated the sibling models more than the adult models. Children in cross-sex dyads imitated their older sibling more extensively than children of same-sex pairs. The role of imitation as a socialization process in two-child families was discussed.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Psychology and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska at Omaha In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts.

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