Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor

John M. Newton

Second Advisor

Francis M. Hurst

Third Advisor

James M. Thomas


The present study involved groups of four Ss participating in a communication network, problem-solving task. Groups were assigned to one of the two treatments involving an irrelevant leader characteristic, race, and one of two treatments involving a relevant leader characteristic, efficiency. Race was varied by informing some groups that their leader was White while the other groups were informed that their leader was Negro. Efficiency was defined by an efficiency index, which, through a script followed by a confederate leader, produced either a high or low degree of efficiency. Race of the leader had a non significant impact on all six dependent variables. Efficiency had a significant impact on all six dependent variables. Race and efficiency showed a significant interaction only on the variable involving the S’s satisfaction with his role in the group.

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