Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
John M. Newton
Recent studies, focusing on defensive qualities of approval-oriented individuals, have shown that persons high in need-for-approval are avoidant and defensive in self- and socially-evaluative situations. Most of these studies have investigated behavior in situations where social implications are fairly explicit. There is evidence, however, that some individuals respond to implicitly held cultural norms in an experimental situation.
Hicks, Barbara Jean, "Need-for-approval, locus of reinforcement, and peer presence effects in goal-setting" (1968). Student Work. 248.