Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Political Science

First Advisor

Dr. Walter Bacon

Second Advisor

Dr. Joong-Gun Chung,

Third Advisor

Dr. Roger Sharpe


The thesis of this study is that the goal of political democracy, which was based on Kenya's "African Socialism," has over time fallen in abeyance because the political leaders underestimated possible barriers (such as ethnic-political conflict) when defining the ideas of "African Socialism." This study evaluates Kenya's economic, political, and social systems in operation before white conquest, during colonialism, and after independence. This approach is analytical and explains how the system as a whole functions or fails to function. The thesis concludes that the government's goal of political democracy has not been met because it was based on misconceived notions of "African Socialism." African tribalism existed before "African Socialism" and continues to dominate the Kenya society.


A Thesis Presented to the Department of Political Science and the Faculty of the Graduate College University of Nebraska In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree Master of Arts University of Nebraska at Omaha. Copyright 1982 Robertson Ngunyi Ndegwa