Month/Year of Graduation


Degree Name

Bachelor of Science (B.S.)



First Advisor

Dr. Bethany Lyon


Schemas are the framework of an event or place that help individuals organize previously learned information and process new information. The purpose of this study was to better identify the role schemas have in memory recall when looking at accuracy. Using a subset of data collection focused on outsourcing conditions, the present study focused on memory errors for schema-consistent and schema-inconsistent memory tasks. Participants were given the same maps, locations, and memory tasks after signing a consent form. Participants had to navigate the map and remember the tasks concurrently. After completing the memory tasks and navigating both maps, participants were asked to draw the map and recall the tasks at each schema from memory. The independent variable was the schema-consistent and schema-inconsistent memory tasks, and the dependent variables were the participants’ memory of the tasks while navigating the map. A paired samples t-test revealed that schema-consistent tasks were recalled with significantly more accuracy than schema-inconsistent tasks. These findings suggest schema-consistency influences the accuracy of memory recall. Further research is needed to generalize the findings of this study.