Using philosophical propositions from Stanley Cavell's work The World Viewed, I argue in this paper that there is a religious dimension available in film which has to do with a creative and disruptive approach to the normal and naturalized habits of the typical viewer. By examining both Von Trier's Breaking the Waves and Tarkovsky's The Sacrifice, I attempt to show that these film makers challenge their viewers via the nature of the medium itself and in ways that have religious/ethical implications.
"Seeing and Being Seen: Distinctively Filmic and Religious Elements in Film,"
Journal of Religion & Film: Vol. 3
, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/jrf/vol3/iss2/5