The cultural phenomenon produced in recent years by the Harry Potter books and films has sparked outrage among critics and avid devotion from supporters. This article examines the debate through the implementation of three dichotomies that help to define the approaches people typically take to the Harry Potter stories: 1) fantasy vs. reality, 2) good versus evil, and 3) secular versus religious. As I demonstrate through an examination of these dichotomies and their application, the public debate about Harry Potter encourages us to reexamine the import and meaning of the separation of church and state.