The case of export controls of United States (U.S.) commercial satellites is characterized by bureaucratic politics leading to policy outcomes that are not rational, i.e., the desired outcome of national security is not met and commerce in the satellite sector is harmed. The constraints to rational policy making are a result of competition, conflict, and protectionism, the “bureaucratic politics,” among the relevant actors including the U.S. President and Congress, Department of State (State), Department of Commerce (Commerce), and Department of Defense (DOD). It is bureaucratic politics that result in policies for licensing the export of commercial satellites that are far from orderly, stable, and predictable.
"Bureaucratic Politics Run Amok: The United States and Satellite Export Controls,"
Space and Defense: Vol. 2:
0, Article 6.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/spaceanddefense/vol2/iss0/6
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