Human activity in space has, from the dawn of the space age, been characterized by a “push me, pull you” dynamic between competition and cooperation. There is no doubt it was the Cold War rivalry between the United States and the then Soviet Union that drove initial efforts to breech the space frontier, and that military competition has long been, and continues to be, a central factor in states’ pursuit of space capabilities. At the same time, even during the height of tensions between the two superpowers, international cooperation in the space exploration and sciences was considered a high priority. Not only did the United States and the Soviet Union seek to cooperate with each other regarding human space flight, but they also reached out to other less-developed space players.
"Multilateralism in Space: Opportunities and Challenges for Achieving Space Security,"
Space and Defense: Vol. 4:
3, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/spaceanddefense/vol4/iss3/3
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