The world relies heavily on services provided by satellite assets, but ensuring the safety and security of those assets is extremely difficult. Classic deterrence approaches rely almost exclusively on the threat of force to dissuade one state from acting against the interests of another. Although classic deterrence was arguably successful against a single adversary during the Cold War, it seems insufficient in the current multipolar strategic environment. In addition to state actors, the strategic environment is complicated by a number of non-state players in space. Some scholars present a theory in which a state could dominate earth if it could only achieve military control of space. This article does not address that approach nor does it address weaponization although it does touch on dual use of space. Instead, it addresses whether it may be time to examine additional, complementary actions that could supplement classic deterrence actions. Specifically, this paper examines the potential to use international arbitration and litigation mechanisms to complement classic deterrence actions.
"International Commercial Avenues to Complement Deterrence Actions,"
Space and Defense: Vol. 7:
0, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/spaceanddefense/vol7/iss0/5
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