After reconsidering massive retaliation versus escalation dominance concepts from nuclear deterrence, escalation dominance, investing in capability to respond proportionally at each level of cyber attack, may be the most practical and effective military strategy for strengthening cyber deterrence.
"Cyber Deterrence: Is a Deterrence Model Practical in Cyberspace?,"
Space and Defense: Vol. 8:
0, Article 7.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.unomaha.edu/spaceanddefense/vol8/iss0/7
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